Category Archives: MUSIK

Pianis-Pianis Terkenal …

PIANIS TERKENAL …
Pada abad 18 dan 19 Biasanya para Pianis terkenal selalu memainkan komposisinya sendiri. Diantaranya : Mozart, Beethoven, Chopin, and Liszt.

Pianis Jerman Clara Schumann memainkan ciptaan dari suaminya Robert Schumann
Pada akhir abad 19 didominasi oleh Komponis dan Pianis Rusia Anton Rubinstein,
Pada awal abad 20. Para pianis terkenal mulai melakukan Tour terus menerus sampai ke Eropa Barat dan Amerika serikat.

Salah satu yang menonjol adalah Pianis berkebangsaan Polandia Ignace Paderewski, dan pasangan Polandia dan Amerika, Josef Hofmann dan Arthur Rubinstein.

Setelah itu pada masa Perang Dunia I dan II banyak bermunculan nama-nama terkenal yang sering melakukan Resital Concert ….
• Russian-American composer-performer Sergei Rachmaninov,
• Austrian-American Artur Schnabel,
• English Dame Myra Hess,
• German Walter Gieseking, and
• Brazilian Guiomar Novaes

Setelah perang dua ke II berakhir 1945, Pianis Russian pianists mulai muncul lagi dieropa dan Amerika … diantaranya adalah Emil Gilels and Sviatoslav Richter.

Diantara Resitalis-resitalis Abadi tercatat juga nama-nama
• Claudio Arrau dari Chile, seorang master yang mempunyai repertoire yang banyak;
• Rudolf Serkin, a Czech-born American seorang performer dan guru piano;
• Russian-American virtuoso Vladimir Horowitz;
• Spanish Alicia de Larrocha.

Pemain-pemain piano terkenal lain setelah perang dunia ke II adalah :
• Austrian-English Alfred Brendel, yang pendekatan sekolahnya menimbulkan kontroversi aestetika
• Canadian Glenn Gould, yang rekaman Bach nya memenangkan beberapa penghargaan
• Americans Van Cliburn and Murray Perahia;
• Russian-born Vladimir Ashkenazy, yang menjadi warga negara Iceland.

(sumber : Microsoft ® Encarta ® Encyclopedia 2004)

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Perkembangan PIANO

Piano ciptaan Bartolomeo Cristofori ini pada tahun 1725 mulai disempurnakan oleh pembuat piano dari Freiberg Jerman.
Perkembangan inovasi pembuatan Piano yang paling significant dilakukan oleh orang Jerman lainnya yaitu Johan Andreas Stein dari Ausburg. Yang akhirnya menjadi fondasi dari Piano “Viennese”, Yang sering digunakan oleh MOZART dan komposer-komposer Jerman untuk menciptakan lagu-lagu klasik pada akhir abad 18 dam awal abad ke 19.

Beberapa pembuat Piano dari Jerman bermigrasi ke LONDON pada sekitar tahun 1760. Dan mereka mulai membentuk Sekolah di Inggris dibawah naungan John Broadwood dan yang lainnya. Yang membuat pembuatan piano menjadi lebih berkembang.

Di Negara Eropa lainnya yaitu di Perancis, Pabrik pembuatan Piano dirintis oleh Sebastien Erard pada tahun 1790 an. Dan mulai 1823 mulailah di ciptakan sistim Double action.

Mulai dari sini para pengrajin Piano dari beberapa Negara eropa terus berlomba untuk memperbaiki inovasi pembuatan piano ini baikdari konstruksi maupun design.

Jerman, Austria dan Amerika Serikat sampai saat ini sangat terkenal dengan pembuatan piano yang bermutu tinggi.
Salah satunya adalah perusahaan pembuatan Piano dari Jerman yang didirikan oleh Karl Bechstein. Dan Perusahaan Amerika yang bernama Steinway and Chickering.
Piano buatan Austria dari Bösendorfer adalah salah satu produksi yang juga dipujikan.

Pada awalnya piano, seperti juga alat musik pendahulunya Harpsichord dibuat hanya empat (atau paling banyak ) lima oktaf saja. Tetapi dalam perkembangannya Piano bisa dibuat sampai menjangkau suara selebar tujuh oktaf, melalui penciptaan – penciptaan struktur tertentu. Bahkan Bösendorfer sanggup menciptakan suara bass yang diperbesar sehingga bisa mencapai delapan oktaf..

Piano yang beredar saat ini pada umumnya di bagi menjadi tiga type :
FULL CONCERT GRAND PIANO (sekitar 2.79 m), BABY GRAND PIANO (dibawah 1.8 m) dan UPRIGHT PIANO

UPRIGHT Piano pada hakikatnya diciptakan untuk menyiasati ruang yang sempit. Karena struktur stringnya tidak dibangunh horizontal … tetapi Vertikal atau Diagonal keatas. Sehingga menghemat tempat.

(sumber : Microsoft ® Encarta ® Encyclopedia 2004)

NEXT : Pianis-Pianis Terkenal …

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Sejarah PIANO

ASAL MULANYA …
Piano … disebut juga PIANOFORTE yang artinya Lembut – Keras,
Model tradisional pertama kali diciptakan pada tahun 1709. dengan nama “gravicembalo col pian e forte” dalam bahasa Italia (“harpsichord with soft and loud”). Yang kira-kira berarti Alat Musik Hapsichord (yang bisa dimainkan ) dengan lembut dan keras.
Prinsip kerja alat musik ini diambil dari prinsip kerja bilah kunci harpsichord and clavichord dikombinasikan dengan pemukul dan string dari alat musik “dulcimer”. Alat ini pertama kali diciptakan oleh Bartolomeo Cristofori, seorang pembuat harpsichord dari Florence Italia.
Dia terkenal sebagai perintis pembuatan piano. Dua dari ciptaannya yang terkenal masih tersimpan sampai sekarang, Pertama di Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York 1720. Dan yang kedua buatan tahun 1726 tersimpan di museum Leipzig, Germany.

(sumber : Microsoft ® Encarta ® Encyclopedia 2004)

NEXT : Perkembangannya

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Why PIANO ???

Anda pasti lihat header halaman Blog ini dan juga avatar yang ada disisi nama saya …
Bisa jadi kesan yang timul adalah … “Penulis ini sepertinya orang yang sedemikian tergila-gila dengan PIANO”.

Ya more or less begitulah …

Saya bukan seorang pianis yang handal .. tetapi memang saya sangat mengagumi alat musik yang satu ini …
Seluruh harmoni musikalitas manusia bisa di lakukan oleh alat musik ini …
Bilah-bilah hitam putih ini sedemikian ajaibnya … sehingga sanggup untuk berbuat apasaja …
dari mulai sekedar meruntuhkan hati wanita, meratapi keadaan yang ada, merayakan kegembiraan yang didapat … sampai dengan … menjadi alat untuk mendongkrak nasionalisme dan kebanggaan akan suatu negara … !!!

Karena rada panjang aku akan sajikan secara serial ya …
Mulai dari sejarah, perkembangan sampai dengan pianis-pianis dan komponis-komponis terkenal yang telah mewarnai Dunia melalui ciptaan komposisinya dan permainan musiknya …

stay tune ya tune …
(next … Sejarah Piano …)

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The Manhattan Transfer …

(saksikan penampilan super group vokal ini di DSS Super Premium Java Jazz Festival Maret 2008)

source :
the free wikipedia. (http : //en.wikipedia.org)
the manhattan transfer official website (http://www.singers.com/jazz/manhattantransfer.html

THE MANHATTAN TRANSFER
The group was founded in 1972 by singers Alan Paul, Janis Siegel, Laurel Massé and Tim Hauser. Performances at Max’s Kansas City, Trude Heller’s and Reno Sweeney in New York City soon brought them a cult following, and it was at the latter venue that Ahmet Ertegün, founder and chairman of Atlantic Records, saw them and offered a recording contract which led to the release, in 1975, of their first album under the new line-up, The Manhattan Transfer. The album included the group’s first hit single, the gospel tune “Operator”.

The Manhattan Transfer re-emerged as a four-piece, with Janis Siegel (alto), Laurel Masse (soprano), and Alan Paul (tenor), who found each other in a series of happy accidents. Tim Hauser was driving a cab at the time, and picked up passenger Laurel Masse; they got to talking. Tim met Janis Siegel through a drummer acquaintance. Janis had been performing at the Greenwich Village coffeehouse scene with a group called “Laurel Canyon.” Alan Paul had been appearing in the musical “Grease!” (Laurel’s boyfriend was a musician in the production, and referred him).

Cheryl Bentyne joined in 1979. Her father had been a jazz bandleader and she had sung with him, developing a technical facility that she would need with the Transfer. Her audition pieces were “You Can Depend On Me” and “Candy.” With Cheryl in the group, the group went forward with their next record: “Extensions.” It was a hit and the group were swept up in the disco craze with the single “Twilight Zone/Twilight Tone.” In addition, “Extensions” included “Birdland,” the Weather Report composition that became a Manhattan Transfer signature tune. The group won two Grammy’s for that album, the first of many.

THE MEMBER :

Tim Hauser (bass) (born in …. 12 December 1941)

Alan Paul (tenor)(born in Newark, New Jersey on 23 November 1949.

Janis Siegel (alto) (Born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1952)

Cheryl Bentyne (soprano) (Born on 17 January 1954)

Laurel Massé (???)

DISCOGRAPHY
1975 : The Manhattan Transfer
1. Tuxedo Junction” (3:03)
2. “Sweet Talking Guy” (2:25)
3. “Operator” (3:09)
4. “Candy” (3:26)
5. “Gloria” (2:57)
6. “Clap Your Hands” (2:55)
7. “That Cat Is High” (2:53)
8. “You Can Depend On Me” (3:30)
9. “Blue Champagne” (2:21)
10. “Java Jive” (2:44)
11. “Occapella” (3:04)
12. “Heart’s Desire” (2:36)
1976 : Coming Out
1. Don’t Let Go” (2:45)
2. “Zindy Lou” (2:50)
3. “Chanson D’Amour” (2:55)
4. “Helpless” (3:07)
5. “Scotch And Soda” (2:59)
6. “The Speak Up Mambo (Cuentame)” (3:05)
7. “Poinciana (The Song Of The Tree)” (4:11)
8. “S.O.S.” (3:10)
9. “Popsicle Toes” (4:16)
10. “It Wouldn’t Have Made Any Difference” (3:30)
11. “The Thought Of Loving You” (2:56)

1978 : Pastiche
1. “Four Brothers”
2. “A Gal In Calico”
3. “Love for Sale”
4. “Je Voulais (Te Dire Que Je T’Attends)”
5. “On A Little Street In Singapore”
6. “In a Mellow Tone”
7. “Walk In Love”
8. “Who, What, Where, When, Why”
9. “It’s Not The Spotlight”
10. “Pieces of Dreams”
11. “Where Did Our Love Go”
12. “Single Girl””

1978 : The Manhattan Transfer Life
1. “That Cat Is High”
2. “Snootie Little Cutie”
3. “Four Brothers”
4. “On A Little Street In Singapore”
5. “Java Jive”
6. “Walk In Love”
7. “Chanson d’Amour”
8. “Speak Up Mambo (Cuentame)”
9. “In The Dark”
10. “Je Voulais (Te Dire Que Je T’Attends)”
11. “Sunday”
12. “Candy”
13. “Well, Well, Well”
14. “Freddy Morris Monologue”
15. “Bacon Fat”
16. “Turn Me Loose”
17. “Operator”
18. “Tuxedo Junction””

1979 : Extensions
1. “Birdland” (6:00)
2. “Wacky Dust” (3:10)
3. “Nothin’ You Can Do About It” (4:25)
4. “Coo Coo U” (2:13)
5. “Body And Soul” (4:26)
6. a “Twilight Zone” (1:08)
7. b “Twilight Tone” (4:57)
8. “Trickle Trickle” (2:19)
9. “Shaker Song” (4:30)
10. “Foreign Affair” (3:54)

1981 : Mecca for Moderns
1. On The Boulevard (4:08)
2. Boy From New York City (3:40)
3. (Wanted) Dead Or Alive (3:27)
4. Spies In The Night (3:59)
5. Smile Again (4:33)
6. Until I Met You (Corner Pocket) (5:17)
7. (The Word Of) Confirmation (3:14)
8. Kafka (4:08)
9. A Nightingale Sang In Berkeley Square (3:46)

1981 : The Best of Manhattan Transfer
1. Tuxedo Junction (2:44)
2. Boy From New York City (3:40)
3. Twilight Zone/Twilight Tone (3:55)
4. Body And Soul (4:25)
5. Candy (3:26)
6. Four Brothers (3:47)
7. Birdland (6:00)
8. Gloria (2:57)
9. Trickle Trickle (2:18)
10. Operator (3:09)
11. Java Jive (2:44)
12. A Nightingale Sang In Berkeley Square (3:46)

1983 : Bodies and Souls
1. Spice Of Life (3:40)
2. This Independence (5:01)
3. Mystery (5:00)
4. American Pop (3:34)
5. Soldier Of Fortune (4:21)
6. Code Of Ethics (5:06)
7. Malaise En Malaisie (3:58)
8. Down South Camp Meetin’ (3:00)
9. Why Not! (Manhattan Carnival) (2:33)
10. Goodbye Love (3:04)
11. The Night That Monk Returned To Heaven (3:23)

1985 : Bop Doo Wop
1. Route 66 (3:20)
2. Jeannine (5:30)
3. My Cat Fell In The Well (Well! Well! Well!) (2:45)
4. The Duke Of Dubuque (2:20)
5. How High The Moon (1:58)
6. Baby Come Back To Me (The Morse Code Of Love)(2:52)
7. Safronia B (2:08)
8. Heart’s Desire (2:40)
9. That’s The Way It Goes (2:49)
10. Unchained Melody (2:30

1985 : Vocalese
1. That’s Killer Joe (5:02)
2. Rambo (3:19)
3. Airegin (3:19)
4. To You (3:53)
5. Meet Benny Bailey (3:29)
6. Another Night in Tunisia (4:12)
7. Ray’s Rockhouse (5:06)
8. Blee Blop Blues (3:01)
9. Oh Yes, I Remember Clifford (3:45)
10. Sing Joy Spring (7:07)
11. Move (2:49)

1987 : Man-Tora ! Live in Tokyo
1. Four Brothers (3:53)
2. Rambo (3:44)
3. Meet Benny Bailey (3:06)
4. Airegin (3:20)
5. To You (3:59)
6. Sing Joy Spring (6:19)
7. Move (2:49)
8. That’s Killer Joe (4:52)
9. The Duke of Dubuque (2:34)
10. Gloria (2:53)
11. On the Boulevard (3:35)
12. Shaker Song (3:51)
13. Ray’s Rockhouse (5:15)

1987 : Brazil
1. Soul Food To Go (5:08)
2. The Zoo Blues (3:55)
3. So You Say (4:47)
4. Capim (4:58)
5. Metropolis (4:15)
6. Hear The Voices (4:06)
7. Agua (5:08)
8. The Jungle Pioneer (3:30)
9. Notes From The Underground (5:45)

1991 : The Offbeat of Avenues
1. The Offbeat Of Avenues
2. Sassy
3. 10 Minutes Till The Savages Come
4. What Goes Around Comes Around
5. Blue Serenade
6. Gentleman With A Family
7. Women In Love
8. A World Apart
9. Confide In Me
10. The Quietude (Encuentro De Animales)
11. Blues For Pablo

1992 : The Christmas Album
1. Snowfall
2. Let It Snow, Let It Snow, Let It Snow
3. Santa Claus Is Coming To Town/Santa Man (Medley)
4. The Christmas Song (Chestnuts Roasting On An Open Fire)
5. Silent Night, Holy Night
6. Caroling, Caroling
7. Happy Holiday/The Holiday Season (Medley)
8. A Christmas Love Song
9. It Came Upon The Midnight Clear
10. Have Yourself A Merry Little Christmas
11. Goodnight

1992 : Anthology : Down In Birdland
CD #1
1. Trickle Trickle
2. Gloria
3. Operator
4. Helpless
5. Ray’s Rockhouse
6. Heart’s Desire (Live)
7. Zindy Lou
8. Mystery
9. Baby Come Back To Me (The Morse Code Of Love)
10. Route 66
11. Java Jive
12. Chanson D’Amour
13. Foreign Affair
14. Smile Again
15. Spice Of Life
16. The Speak Up Mambo (Cuentame)
17. Soul Food To Go (Sina)
18. So You Say (Esquinas)
19. Boy From New York City
20. Twilight Zone/Twilight Tone

CD #2
1. Four Brothers
2. Blee Blop Blues
3. Candy
4. A Gal In Calico
5. Love For Sale
6. On A Little Street In Singapore
7. Tuxedo Junction
8. That Cat Is High
9. Body And Soul
10. Meet Benny Baily
11. Sing Joy Spring
12. To You
13. Down South Camp Meetin’
14. Until I Met You (Corner Pocket)
15. Why Not! (Manhattan Carnival)
16. Another Night In Tunisia
17. Capim
18. A Nightingale Sang In Berkeley Square
19. Birdland

1994 : The Very Best of The Manhattan Transfer
1. Boy From New York City (3:40)
2. Trickle Trickle (2:20)
3. Gloria (2:58)
4. Operator (3:11)
5. Tuxedo Junction (3:04)
6. Four Brothers (3:48)
7. Ray’s Rockhouse (5:08)
8. Soul Food To Go (Sina) (5:15)
9. Spice Of Life (3:41)
10. Baby Come Back To Me (The Morse Code Of Love) (2:54)
11. Candy (3:28)
12. A Nightingale Sang In Berkeley Square (3:50)
13. Birdland (6:01)
14. Java Jive (2:46)
15. Route 66 (2:55)
16. Twilight Zone/Twilight Tone (6:06)

1994 : The Manhattan Transfer meets Tubby the Tuba
1. Tubby The Tuba (13:55)
2. Tubby At The Circus (10:59)
3. Tubby Meets A Jazz Band (11:37)
4. The Further Adventures Of Tubby The Tuba (16:23)

1995 : Tonin’
1. Let’s Hang On (with Frankie Valli)
2. Groovin’ (with Felix Cavaliere of The Rascals)
3. It’s Gonna Take A Miracle (with Bette Midler)
4. I Second That Emotion (with Smokey Robinson)
5. La-La (Means I Love You) (with Laura Nyro)
6. Too Busy Thinking About My Baby (with Phil Collins)
7. The Thrill Is Gone (with Ruth Brown & B.B. King)#
8. Hot Fun in the Summertime (with Chaka Khan)
9. Along Comes Mary
10. Dream Lover (with James Taylor)
11. Save The Last Dance For Me (with Ben E. King)
12. God Only Knows

1997 : Swing
1. Stomp Of King Porter
2. Sing A Study In Brown
3. Sing Moten’s Swing
4. A-Tisket, A-Tasket
5. I Know Why (And So Do You)
6. Sing You Sinners
7. Java Jive
8. Down South Camp Meetin’
9. Topsy
10. Clouds (adapted from “Nuages”)
11. Skyliner
12. It’s Good Enough To Keep (Air Mail Special)
13. Choo Choo Ch’ Boogie

1997 : Boy From New York City and Other Hits
1. Boy From New York City (3:40)
2. Java Jive (2:46)
3. Gloria (2:58)
4. Helpless (3:07)
5. Tuxedo Junction (3:04)
6. Twilight Zone/Twilight Tone (6:06)
7. Ray’s Rockhouse (5:08)
8. Mystery (5:00)
9. Smile Again (4:33)
10. Birdland (6:01)

2000 : Spirit of St Louis
1. Stompin’ At Mahogany Hall
2. The Blues Are Brewin’
3. Sugar
4. A Kiss To Build A Dream On
5. Old Man Mose
6. Do You Know What It Means To Miss New Orleans
7. Gone Fishin’
8. Nothing Could Be Hotter Than That
9. Blue Again
10. When You Wish Upon A Star

2003 : Couldn’t be Hotter
1. Old Man Mose
2. Sing Moten’s Swing
3. A-Tisket, A-Tasket
4. Sugar (That Sugar Baby O’Mine)
5. Up A Lazy River
6. Do You Know What It Means to Miss New Orleans?
7. Stars Fell on Alabama
8. Gone Fishin’
9. Blue Again
10. Clouds (adapted from “Nuages”)
11. Stompin’ at Mahogany Hall
12. Nothing Could Be Hotter Than That
13. It’s Good Enough to Keep
14. Don’t Let Go
15. Twilight Zone / Twilight Tone
16. My Foolish Heart

2004 : Vibrate
1. Walkin’ in N.Y.
2. Greek Song
3. Vibrate
4. The New JuJu Man (Tutu)
5. Doodlin’
6. The Twelfth
7. First Ascent
8. Core of Sound (Modinha)
9. Feel Flow
10. Embraceable You
11. Come Softly to Me/ I Met Him on a Sunday

2005 : An Acapella Christmas
1. Jingle Bells
2. White Christmas
3. Christmas Time Is Here
4. Good King Wenceslas
5. Toyland
6. My Grown Up Christmas List
7. Merry Christmas Baby
8. I’ll Be Home For Christmas
9. Christmas Is Coming
10. Winter Wonderland

2006 : The Symphony Sessions
1. Route 66
2. Candy
3. Embraceable You
4. That’s The Way It Goes
5. A Nightingale Sang In Berkely Square
6. Because You Are All Heart
7. To You
8. Vibrate
9. Clouds (Nuages)
10. The Quietude
11. The Offbeat Of Avenues
12. Birdland

2006 : The Definitely Pop Collection
Disc: 1
1. Operator
2. Tuxedo Junction
3. Candy
4. Gloria
5. Java Live
6. Helpless
7. Chanson D’amour
8. The Speak Up Mambo (Cuentame)
9. Four Brothers
10. Love For Sale

Disc: 2
1. Boy From New York City
2. A Nightingale Sang In Berkeley Square
3. Smile Again
4. Until I Met You (Corner Pocket)
5. Spice Of Life
6. Mystery
7. Down South Camp Meetin’
8. Route 66
9. Baby Come Back To Me (The Morse Code Of Love)
10. Another Night In Tunisia

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